Egypt says archaeologists found more artifacts at Cairo dig

It’s little known, even to Egyptians, but it is really a rare treasure containing some 1, priceless Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, Islamic and Coptic artifacts that narrate the story of the Mediterranean historical city of Alexandria north of the capital Cairo. Located in the busy Horreya Street in downtown Alexandria, the museum looks like a secluded but elegantly-designed three-storey white palace. The classic building once belonged to a wealthy Lebanese-born wood merchant who sold it to the consulate of the United States in before Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities SCA bought it in to turn it into a museum. Alexandria National Museum was opened for the public in , hosting artifacts of all historical events from the Pharaonic dynastic times, passing through the Ptolemaic Kingdom, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine and Islamic periods until the beginning of Mohammed Ali’s era as Egypt’s ruler and finally the Egyptian anti-British revolution. After ascending front porch steps and crossing the gate to the main hallway, a visitor faces a standing Roman-style marble statue of a matron-like woman wrapped in a detailed garment. That statue marks the starting point of a tour inside the museum based on the visitor’s choice. The main floor containing the statue hosts the Greco-Roman artifacts, while the basement contains ancient Egyptian Pharaonic antiquities and the upper floor exhibits Islamic, Coptic and modern age artifacts. Most of Alexandria artifacts are Greek and Roman, so we brought the Pharaonic artifacts from various museums in Cairo and Upper Egypt,” Ahmed Tawfik, the museum’s manager, told Xinhua at the main entrance. He added that the frequency of visitors to the museum increased over the past couple of years, hoping for more popularity of such a house of rare historical objects. In the s, beneath the eastern harbor area of Abu Qir Bay in Alexandria, Egypt discovered the sunken city of Cleopatra, an Egyptian ancient queen of Greek Macedonian descent who drove the merge of the Pharaonic and Greek cultures in ancient Egypt.

Everything We Know About Cairo’s New Grand Egyptian Museum

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Here are 10 artefacts you’ve got to see on your visit to the Egyptian The palette dates back to the 31st century BC, and holds some of the.

Tutankhamun, colloquially known as King Tut, was the 12th pharaoh of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, in power from approximately to B. During his reign, Tutankhamun accomplished little. However, his powerful advisers restored the traditional Egyptian religion, which had been set aside by his father, Akhenaten, who led the “Amarna Revolution. After his death at age 19, King Tut disappeared from history until the discovery of his tomb in Since then, studies of his tomb and remains have revealed much information about his life and times, making Tutankhamun one of the best known ancient Egyptian kings.

King Tut was born circa B. He was given the name Tutankhaten, meaning “the living image of Aten. After taking power, the boy king changed his name to Tutankhamun, which means “the living image of Amun. His mother was probably one of Akhenaten’s sisters. At the time of his birth, ancient Egypt was going through great social and political upheaval.

Art of ancient Egypt

A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America. The first alphabetic writing system was created in the Levant and Sinai Peninsula sometime in the second millennium B. This Proto-Sinaitic alphabet is the ancestor of many of the writing systems that developed across the world. Until now, the earliest known alphabet tables, called abecedaries, have been found on cuneiform tablets from Ugarit, in what is now Syria, dating to the thirteenth century B.

A cave located in what is modern-day Israel has proven to be a veritable treasure chest of Ancient Egyptian artifacts, which are believed to date.

Following the discovery of this year radionuclide in laboratory experiments by Ruben and Kamen, it became clear to W. Libby that 14 C should exist in nature, and that it could serve as a quantitative means for dating artifacts and events marking the history of civilization. The search for natural radiocarbon was a metrological challenge; the level in the living biosphere [ca. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Rent this article via DeepDyve. Libby, W.

‘Breathtaking’ Mummy Coffin Covers Seized in Israel

Facebook Twitter Email. CNN — Right now, most of us can only explore the pyramids and archaeological wonders of Egypt online, but excavations and explorations into the country’s ancient past remain ongoing. Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities has announced the unearthing of five limestone sarcophagi and four wooden coffins containing human mummies. These incredible archaeological finds were inside a burial shaft stretching nine meters below ground. This shaft is located in Sacred Animal Necropolis in Saqqara, an ancient burial ground that’s about 20 miles south of Cairo and is also home to landmarks including the Step Pyramid, considered to be the world’s oldest.

Details of the discovery were shared via a video posted on the ministry’s Facebook page earlier this month.

The British Museum has over artefacts from Egypt, most of which were acquired during the Date of publication: 13 December,

It’s been a while since news first broke on Egypt’s much anticipated new antiquities museum : the Grand Egyptian Museum GEM , which will be the largest archeological museum in the world. The opening date has been pushed back on multiple occasions, but the museum now says it will open in the final quarter of the year, with The new location—outside central Cairo, on the Giza plateau on the edge of the Western Desert—looks out at the famous pyramids and adds even more atmosphere.

The GEM was first announced in , partially to deal with what was considered a pretty unsatisfying selection of institutions showcasing Egypt’s inheritance. The GEM is built on a slope and straddles the foot difference in levels between the Nile valley, where you enter, and the Giza plateau , where the main galleries are situated. There are sculpture gardens in the museum park, while a massive statue of Ramses II greets you upon entry into the main atrium.

From here, the Grand Staircase, which leads from valley level to plateau, will be lined with 87 statues of kings and gods. The main galleries lead left from the staircase and are divided into four eras: pre-dynastic up to B. These chronological galleries are then organized according to themes, unlike in the old museum: Beliefs and Eternity religion , Kingship and Power rulers , and Society the rest of us.

At the end, visitors are led right back to tall glass windows, which look out toward the pyramids and drive home the magnificence of Ancient Egypt—the grand finale of a chronological show celebrating one of the world’s greatest civilizations. To the right of the staircase are the Tutankhamun galleries where, for the first time, the contents of the tomb will be shown in their entirety.


A joint mission of Egyptian and German archaeologists found several fragments of stone slabs in eastern Cairo. Some of the limestones date to the 12th founded in BCE and 20th dynasties, of the Middle and New Kingdoms, the ministry said on Tuesday. German Egyptologist Dietrich Raue, the head of the mission, said one inscription referred to Atum, an important and frequently mentioned god, as being responsible for the flooding of the Nile River in the Late Period between and BCE.

Egypt has seen a haul of archaeological finds over the past two years.

The stolen artifacts date to different ancient Egyptian and Islamic periods. #​Egyptian authorities are collaborating with the #Italians to bring these.

All rights reserved. Relative techniques were developed earlier in the history of archaeology as a profession and are considered less trustworthy than absolute ones. There are several different methods. In stratigraphy , archaeologists assume that sites undergo stratification over time, leaving older layers beneath newer ones. Archaeologists use that assumption, called the law of superposition, to help determine a relative chronology for the site itself.

Then, they use contextual clues and absolute dating techniques to help point to the age of the artifacts found in each layer. Learn how archaeologists dated the earliest metal body part in Europe. Objects can be grouped based on style or frequency to help determine a chronological sequence.

1a. Archaeologists and Their Artifacts

November 6, Egypt says archaeologists working at a dig in Cairo have found several fragments of stone slabs with inscriptions dating back up to 4, years. The Antiquities Ministry said on Tuesday that the artifacts were the latest finds in eastern Cairo’s Matariya neighborhood. Some of the fragments date back to the 12th and the 20th Dynasties and the Third Intermediate Period while others are more recent.

Egyptologist Dietrich Raue, the head of the mission, says one inscription points to Atum, an important and frequently mentioned god, as being responsible for the flooding of the Nile River in the Late Period, from B.

Egypt says archaeologists working at a dig in Cairo have found several fragments of stone slabs with inscriptions dating back up to years.

It includes paintings, sculptures, drawings on papyrus, faience , jewelry, ivories, architecture, and other art media. It is also very conservative: the art style changed very little over time. Much of the surviving art comes from tombs and monuments, giving more insight into the ancient Egyptian afterlife beliefs. The ancient Egyptian language had no word for"art”.

Artworks served an essentially functional purpose that was bound with religion and ideology. To render a subject in art was to give it permanence. Hence, ancient Egyptian art portrayed an idealized, unrealistic view of the world.


Q-Is it safe to travel to Egypt ? A -Tourists have been visiting Egypt for centuries and Egyptians have well-earned reputation for warmth and kindness toward visitors. Egyptian cities are generally very safe, especially in area where tourists frequent. Q-Best time for Nile River Cruise? A -The best time to for Nile Cruise is October through April when the temperatures are mild and good weather.

However, late spring — Easter Time — is also prime tourist season.

King Tut was an Egyptian pharaoh famed for his opulent tomb, As archaeologists examined the mummy, they found other artifacts, including.

An artifact is an object made by a human being. Artifacts include art, tools, and clothing made by people of any time and place. The term can also be used to refer to the remains of an object, such as a shard of broken pottery or glassware. Artifacts are immensely useful to scholars who want to learn about a culture. Archaeologists excavate areas in which ancient cultures lived and use the artifacts found there to learn about the past.

Many ancient cultures did not have a written language or did not actively record their history, so artifacts sometimes provide the only clues about how the people lived.

Egypt Wants its Treasures Back

Canopic jars made of pottery or limestone were used by the ancient Egyptians in the mummification process. The Egyptians would place the entrails of their dead inside the jars in order to preserve them. These pots were given their name because scientists first found them in the area of Canopus, now Abu Qir in Alexandria. Other items incluse a limestone statue dating back to the late period BC , as well as a plate with wooden handles and a bronze statue of the divine bull Apis.

Shaaban Abdel Gawad, General Supervisor of the Department of Retrieved Antiquities at the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, said that the ministry is closely following the auction and will take the necessary legal measures if the antiquities are proven to have been illegally removed from Egypt. In statements made to Al-Masry Al-Youm, he added that his department is following all auctions, making a great effort to recover looted Egyptian antiquities.

Conventional carbon dating estimates the age of an artifact based on its mummified flesh attached, and a 1,year-old Egyptian weaving.

The Met Fifth Ave opens August The Met Cloisters opens September Your health is our top priority. Egypt is a land rich in gold, and ancient miners employing traditional methods were thorough in their exploitation of economically feasible sources. In addition to the resources of the Eastern Desert, Egypt had access to the riches of Nubia, which is reflected in its ancient name, nbw the Egyptian word for gold.

The hieroglyph for gold—a broad collar—appears with the beginning of writing in Dynasty 1, but the earliest surviving gold artifacts date to the preliterate days of the fourth millennium B. The color of a metal is affected by its composition: gradations in hue that range between the bright yellow of a central boss that once embellished a vessel dating to the Third Intermediate Period In fact, the pendant contains gold and silver in nearly equal amounts and is therefore electrum, a natural alloy of gold containing more than 20 percent silver, as defined by the ancient Roman author, naturalist, philosopher, and historian Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis historia.

A ring dated to the Amarna Period depicting Shu and Tefnut illustrates a rare occasion when an Egyptian goldsmith added a significant amount of copper to a natural gold-silver alloy to attain a reddish hue The survival of gold artifacts is skewed by accidents of history and excavation; Egyptian sites have been looted since ancient times, and much precious metal was melted down long ago. It was made from a broad band of hammered gold sheet. On the broad collar, the leaf was applied onto a layer of gesso plaster with an adhesive gum over linen; on the scarab, a somewhat thicker foil was crimped between the bronze mount and the stone scarab.

Gold inlays were also used to enhance works in other media, especially bronze statuary During Ptolemaic and Roman times, gilded glass jewelry was popular in Egypt

In Pics: GEM receives seven heavy artifacts from Egyptian Museum

Ali Abbas Ahmadi. Date of publication: 13 December, The Egyptian section of the British Museum is incredibly popular, and is visited by the largest proportion of the six million visitors the institution receives every year. But more and more visitors are asking questions about how these objects arrived here, and why they remain.

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All U. Department of Defence personnel who participate in the Bright Star exercise in Eqypt should be aware that under the terms of the Egyptian Law on the Protection of Antiquities, known as Law No. All archaeological material, ancient art and artifacts of any kind that are discovered or found within the Republic of Egypt is regulated cultural property. Definitions"An ‘Antiquity’ is any movable or immovable property that is a product of … the various civilization[s] or any of the arts, sciences, humanities and religions of the successive historical periods extending from prehistoric times down to a point one hundred years before the present.

Registry of Movable Property “… [I]n[I]iduals in possession of antiquities shall notify the [Egy[Egyptian]iquities Authority of the antiquities in their possession within six months of [the[the implementation]this law and shall safeguard them until they are registered by the Authority …. Anyone who fails to declare [ant[antiquities]hin the aforementioned period of time … shall be deemed to be an unlawful possessor. Registry of Immovable Property “Antiquities shall be registered by decision of the minister responsible for cultural affairs acting at the recommendation of the Board of Directors of the Organization.

The decision by which an immovable antiquity is registered shall be duly communicated to the owner … and shall be published in the Official Gazette.

About Egyptian Artifacts which Carmen Boulter Alleges To Date to 10,000 BCE